Today, Knights Know Nothing of Shame

Gentlemen are ashamed of lacking morals, but small men are ashamed of lacking fame. Gentlemen are ashamed of lacking ability, but small men are ashamed of lacking importance… Small men feel shame at how they might appear, but gentlemen feel shame at how they might actually be… Originally, the word shame was a common word among this country’s knights. There was nothing as shameful as not knowing the word shame. Today the knights who know nothing of shame are at the very worst.
The Third Year of Ansei, The Seventeenth of May. “Minutes of the Head Lecturer.”

19日武士の恥を知らざること今日に至り極まれり
君子は徳義なきを恥ぢ、小人は名誉なきを恥づ。君子は才能なきを恥ぢ、小人は官禄なきを恥づ。(中略)小人の恥づる所は外見なり。君子の恥づる所は内実なり。(中略)抑々恥の一字は本邦武士の常言にして、恥を知らざる程恥なるはなし。武士の恥を知らざること今日に至り極まれり。
安政三年五月十七日「講孟箚記」

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