Benevolence is People.

Benevolence is people. Without people, there is no benevolence. Birds and beasts are like that… In the world, there are many people who are not benevolent. Futhermore, there are even more people who talk of benevolence while not relating it to people. The book lovers of today are all like this.
The Third Year of Ansei, The Seventh of June. “Minutes of the Head Lecturer.”




A compassionate man has no rival under Heaven.
The Third Year of Ansei, The Fourth of April. “Minutes of the Head Lecturer.”


Without Courage

Even if a person possess benevolence and wisdom, if they lack courage even a little, they can not do anything useful.
The Third Year of Ansei, the 20th of May. “Minutes of the Head Lecturer.”


Vigorous Effort

There is nothing closer to “vigorous effort (kyoujo)” than seeking benevolence (jin). What sort of teaching of kindness is this? Learning begins when studying a great cause, one thinks of the feelings of others, rather than doing things only for yourself. This is the way of vigorous effort.
The Third Year of Ansei, The Fourteenth of May. “Minutes of the Head Lecturer.”


Confer Mencius: (Not my translation)
盡心上: 孟子曰:「萬物皆備於我矣。反身而誠,樂莫大焉。強恕而行,求仁莫近焉。」

Jin Xin I: Mencius said, ‘All things are already complete in us. There is no greater delight than to be conscious of sincerity on self-examination. If one acts with a vigorous effort (kyoujo) at the law of reciprocity, when he seeks for the realization of perfect virtue, nothing can be closer than his approximation to it.’

To Fail by Trusting People

Often, many of those who favor wisdom fail by doubting others too much. Those who favor benevolence fail by trusting others too much. Both are unbalanced. However by doing this act of merit, those who trust others have an edge over those who doubt them… For this reason, I would much rather fail by trusting others too much than by fail by doubting them.
The Second Year of Ansei, The Sixth of August. “Minutes of the Head Lecturer.”


Cruelty Rather

Cruelty rather should be pitied.
Winter of the First Year of Ansei. “A Record of Imprisonment.”


First, By Yourself

Currently, Japan prospers and the path of benevolence (jin) is to strike down barbarians… First, do good works by yourself, then hand down the same spirit to your village. If people with this same resolve do so enthusiastically everyday, it will increase from one person to ten people, ten people to a hundred people, a hundred to a thousand, a thousand to ten thousand. surprisingly, those with the resolve to be benevolent are not uncommon. If this resolve is handed down to one’s descendents rather than kept to oneself, its benefit will ever increasingly flourish for ten, for a hundred, for a thousand, for ten thousand years.
The Third Year of Ansei, the Twenty-Eighth Day of March. “Minutes of the Head Lecturer.”

今、神州を興隆し四夷を達伐するは仁道なり。(中略)故に先づ一身一家より手を下し、一村一郷より同志同志と語り伝へて、 此の志を同じうする者日々盛にならば、一人より十人、十人より百人、百人より千人、千人より万人、万人より三軍と、順々進みして、仁に志す者豈に寥々ならんや。此の志を一身より子々孫々に伝へば、其の遺沢十年百年千年万年と愈ゝ益ゝ繁盛すべし。