Skillfully Without Mistakes

The old man said: “Refraining from doing things in order to avoid mistakes is not the same thing as skillfully doing things without making mistakes.”
The Third Year of Ansei, After August. “The Complete Book of Teachings for Warriors.”

31日事に練れて過誤なきに若かん
(中谷)翁云はく、「事を為さずして過誤を免かるるは、何ぞ事に練れて過誤なきに若かん」と。
安政三年八月以降「武教全書講録」

Deep People

In discussing matters of the world, shallow people judge by success or failure. Deep people judge by righteousness or wickedness. That is all there is.
The Third Year of Ansei. “Essays Near the Thicket of Dates.”

29日深き者は
世人の事を論ずる、浅き者は事の成敗を視、深き者は人の忠奸を視る。かくの如くのみ。
安政三年「叢棗随筆」

A Crime of Humanity

Things are difficult to accomplish, and opportunities are easily missed. The opportunity arrives, but one is unable to even begin to accomplish anything. Losing such an opportunity without even trying is a crime of humanity.
The Fifth Year of Ansei, The End of March. “Letter sent to Nakatani Hinkyou.”

30日人の罪
成し難きものは事なり、失ひ易きものは機なり。機来たり事開きて成す能はず、坐して之れを失ふものは人の罪なり。
安政五年三月下旬「中谷賓卿を送る序」

To Fail by Trusting People

Often, many of those who favor wisdom fail by doubting others too much. Those who favor benevolence fail by trusting others too much. Both are unbalanced. However by doing this act of merit, those who trust others have an edge over those who doubt them… For this reason, I would much rather fail by trusting others too much than by fail by doubting them.
The Second Year of Ansei, The Sixth of August. “Minutes of the Head Lecturer.”

14日人を信ずるに失するとも
抑々知を好む者は多くは人を疑ふに失す。仁を好む者は人を信ずるに失す。両つながら皆偏なり。然れども人を信ずる者は其の功を成すこと、往々人を疑ふ者に勝ることあり。(中略)故に余寧ろ人を信ずるに失するとも、誓つて人を疑ふに失することなからんことを欲す。
安政二年八月六日「講孟箚記」

Reflect Their True Hearts

Lords and retainers make mistakes out of humanity, out of love, out of selflessness, and out of caring. Small men makes mistakes out of heartlessness, out of regrets, out of covetousness, and out of emotions. Generally, the mistakes people make reflect their (true) heart.
In the Third Year of Kouka. “The Analects: Understanding the Chapter on the Mistakes of People.”

7日心に類す
君子は厚に過ち、愛に過ち、廉に過ち、介に過ち、小人は薄に過ち、忍に過ち、貪に過ち、通に過つ如きなり。〔凡そ人の過あるや其の心に類す。〕
弘化三年ヵ「論語、人の過の章解義」