The Eccentric But Great

Usually, when a knightly gentleman undertakes something, (people think) only about how much enthusiasm he possesses. But he should firm his resolve by mingling with eccentric, but extraordinary people. And awake his motivation by wandering amoung the famed mountains and great rivers.
The Fifth Year of Ansei, The 23rd of the First Month. “Letter send to Kodama Shijou on his trip to Kyuushuu and Shikoku”.



Gentlemen, Even When Thirsty…

Gentlemen, even when thirsty, do not drink of the Spring of Tousen. Patriots, even when hard pressed, do not forget the ditch.
The Fourth Year of Ansei, August. “A Explanation for Kouzaburo.”


*Tousen: a Spring in China reputed for evilness.
*Ditch: A shishi is prepared to give his life for the correct cause, even if it means his corpse will remain unburied in a dirty ditch.

Two Types of Gentlemen 2

The second type are virtuous men who “in daily life are reverent, who in their work are respectful, who in relationships are faithful. And even among barbarians he loses not these qualities.” (The Analects, Zilu) They are men whose “words are faithful and whose actions are kind and respectful, as this is so even in barbarian lands.” (The Analects, Wei Ling Gong) A person like this is someone gentlemen and small men alike respect.
The Third Year of Ansei, The Seventh of June. “Minutes of the Lecturer.”


From the Analects Zilu 19:
“It is, in retirement, to be sedately grave; in the management of business, to be reverently attentive; in intercourse with others, to be strictly sincere. Though a man go among rude, uncultivated tribes, these qualities may not be neglected.”

From the Analects Wei Ling Gong 6:
“Let his words be sincere and truthful and his actions honorable and careful – such conduct may be practiced among the rude tribes of the South or the North.”

Two Types of Gentlemen 1

There are two types of gentlemen. The first are noble men who from the very start cannot conform to this passing world, can not belong in this filthy world, so from the very start they take the ancients as their teachers. When such men as they are in the world, the ordinary and ignorant masses are shocked by their strangeness, and from the start twist their mouths down at them. And only the few learned men admire deeply them.


Is Already Decided

Just as it says in the Book of Chanages, “Gentlemen see an opportunity and act, without waiting for the end of the day.” In this way, whether the road is clear and time is right is obvious to wise men with a single glance. The course of action is already decided from the very beginning. Isn’t it such a clear decision!
The Third Year of Ansei, The Seventh of June. “Minutes of the Lecturer.”



Gentlemen under Heaven value untangling the disorder (of this world) for the sake of others. Furthermore, this chivalry is unimaginable in the crowd of society.
The Fifth Year of Ansei, The Fourth of the New Year. “30 Short Ancient-Style Poems for the New Year.”


Fellowship of Gentlemen

The fellowship of a gentleman is like clear water; the fellowship of a small man is like murky pudding. You should know difference in taste. A gentleman’s morality, having a clear reason, stays constant long. A small man’s avarice, having a murky reason, will change quickly.
The Third Year of Ansei, The 29th of May. “Minutes of the Head Lecturer.”


The Way of Relating With Others

Generally, in the Way of relating with others, if you are offended, you should immediately and straightforwardly tell them this. If you cannot straightforwardly tell them, it is better to not be offended at all…. The heart of a gentleman is like heaven. Although it gives forth the thunder of anger when offended, when that is resolved, the clouds recede and it again becomes like the clear and bright heavens, without even a bit of offense remaining in the heart. This virtue of gentlemen is a strength like the sun.
The Second Year of Ansei, The 21st of November. “Minutes From the Head Lecturer.”


A Gentleman Does Not Bad Mouth Others…

“A gentleman does not bad mouth others when breaking off a relationship. A loyal retainer does not say only he was blameless when leaving his country.”

Yue Yi

Although one with a great cause might have to break off a relationship, in the end, he does not secretly raise evil talk about it due to his personal sentiments. Although one might have to unavoidably leave the province he is serving, in the end, he does not secretly say that his own name was blameless due to his previous sentiments. He musn’t display himself as a man a great virtue only outwardly.

The Second Year of Ansei, The Ninth of August. “Minutes of the Head Lecturer.”