Lacking a Wide Veiw

Modern people lack a wide view and prefer to discuss petty details. This ill trait is extremely serious in readers… If you watch how they personally act, they embellish their outer appearance and esteem their language. They are carefully moderate in even minor things, and desire to drop the names of great men in home town. They curry favour with influential Houses, and ingratiate themselves with flattery even when they are wrong. They lack a sturdiness, fail to listen to other’s opinions, lack loyalty, lack filial piety and do not trust even their close friends. They don’t know when to feel ashamed of their actions. Such people like this don’t understand what they should be doing.
The Third Year of Ansei, The 29th of May. “Minutes of the Lecturer.”

27日今人大眼目なし
今人大眼目なし、好んで瑣事末節を論ず。此の弊読書人尤も甚し。(中略)其の自ら行ふ所を見れば、辺幅を修飾し、言語を珍重し、小廉曲謹、郷里善人の名を貪り、権勢の門に伺候し、阿諛曲従至らざる所なし。行々の色著はれず、侃々の声聞こえず、忠ならず、孝ならず、尤も朋友に信ならず、而して自ら居りて愧づることを知らず。是れを之れ務を知らずと謂ふ。
安政三年五月二十九日「講孟劄記」

Today, Knights Know Nothing of Shame

Gentlemen are ashamed of lacking morals, but small men are ashamed of lacking fame. Gentlemen are ashamed of lacking ability, but small men are ashamed of lacking importance… Small men feel shame at how they might appear, but gentlemen feel shame at how they might actually be… Originally, the word shame was a common word among this country’s knights. There was nothing as shameful as not knowing the word shame. Today the knights who know nothing of shame are at the very worst.
The Third Year of Ansei, The Seventeenth of May. “Minutes of the Head Lecturer.”

19日武士の恥を知らざること今日に至り極まれり
君子は徳義なきを恥ぢ、小人は名誉なきを恥づ。君子は才能なきを恥ぢ、小人は官禄なきを恥づ。(中略)小人の恥づる所は外見なり。君子の恥づる所は内実なり。(中略)抑々恥の一字は本邦武士の常言にして、恥を知らざる程恥なるはなし。武士の恥を知らざること今日に至り極まれり。
安政三年五月十七日「講孟箚記」

The Character of Shame

Encourage those who hold a character of shame. Mencius had urgent words about the character of shame, thus he wrote, “People should not be without shame.” He also wrote, “Shame is important to us as humans.”
The Second Year of Ansei, the 26th of August. “Minutes of the Head Lecturer.”

29日恥の一字
恥の一字を以て人を激励す。恥の一字孟子喫緊の語、故に云はく、「人以て恥なかるべからず」、又云はく、「恥の人に於けるや大ない」と。
安政二年八月二十六日「講孟箚記」